Phytomedicine is modern and science based herbal medicine at
its very best. Phytomedicine applies scientific research and the
highest professional standards to the practice of herbal medicine.
It takes its name from the word used in other parts of Europe,
where plant based medicines continue to be provided by doctors
and pharmacists as ‘phytomedicines’. Qualified Phytotherapists
use herbs from around the world, and choose the most effective
herbs from the best quality sources. Phytomedicine encourages
and adapts to a recent worldwide growth in scientific information
on plant drugs and their effective and safe use. The methods used
to evaluate plant based medicines are similar to those used by
orthodox medicine. Yet, a herb contains many active chemicals,
unlike conventional drugs, which focus on specific chemicals.
Hence botanical or herbal medicines may combine several actions
to support the body’s health. Botanical drugs are safe for most
conditions. The increase in clinical trials in this area has helped
to include these compounds in evidence-based practice. Section
12 (1) of the 1968 Medicines Act permits Phytotherapists to make
and dispense herbal remedies to individual patients following a
consultation. Phytomedicine, also called Botanical/Plant Medicine,
differs from Chinese Herbalism. Phytotherapists use medicinal
plants, which grow mainly in the western hemisphere, and do not
combine their therapy with acupuncture. The word ‘phyto’ derives
from the Greek work plant; hence it means plant based medicine.
Phytomedicine is rooted in scientific research and therefore not to
be confused with homeopathy.
Phytotherapy or medical herbalism, as this is called in Europe,
is the most scientifically-validated medicine in the category of
Eating the right kinds of foods before, during, and after cancer
treatment can help the patient feel better and stay stronger. A
healthy diet includes eating and drinking enough of the foods
and liquids that have the important nutrients (vitamins, minerals, protein, carbohydrates, fat, and water) the body needs.
Inspiration to write this article was to help on all people around
the World. Primary,we face with serious diseases that overpower
the world, and increase the percentage of deaths quite large. With
this book I want to help (through the mother Nature), to create
appropriate medicines and treatments based on natural herbs and
Phytomedicine In Cancer Treatment
Phytomedicine refers to the application of scientific research and
the highest standards of professionalism to the herbal medicine
practice. The use of phytomedicine is not new though. It has been
in practice for quite a long time in fact the name phytomedicine
is derived from the word used in other parts of Europe, where
plant based medicines are provided by doctors and pharmacists as
‘phytomedicine’ to their patients. Phytomedicine is more advanced
in herbal medicine as it involves scientific research to ascertain the
potency of the natures given herbals before they are prescribed to
be used by any patient. The doctors who use phytomedicine are
called phytotherapists and they treat their patients with the best
herbs that fit their king of diseases. Phytotherapists choose the best
herbs from the most effective herbs ensuring that very patient get
the best combination of the phytomedicine.
Phytomedicine is practiced in clinical treatment of diseases
in most parts of the world and is a growing field as it involves
scientific research and information on the use of plant medicinal
components and their safety in use. There are methods that are
used to evaluate the effectiveness of plant medicines which are
similar to the evaluation of orthodox medicine. Herbs unlike the
orthodox medicine that focus on given chemicals contain very
many bioactive components. The phytomedicine may involve use
of a combination of herbs to come up with a therapy that will heal
the body and strengthen its immune system to fight diseases better.
Phytomedicine are safe for use for many diseases and cancer is
no exception. After very many clinical trials of phytomedicine the
use of phytomedicine in treatment of various conditions have been
recognized in most countries through the world. Section of the
1968 Medicines Act permits Phytotherapists to make and dispense
herbal remedies to individual patients following a consultation.
As used in cancer treatment, Phytomedicine involves selection
of plant medicines to stimulate or strengthen the body’s own
functions and immune system, hence support the body to heal
itself. The phytotherapist knows that each cancer patient is a
unique individual and hence diagnoses and assesses the needs of
the cancer patient uniquely. The patient will thereafter be given a
prescription of combined plant products that work best in healing
Some of the natural plants components that have been used in
phytomedicine to treat cancer include; resveratrol, saponins,
silymarin, curcumin, peach compounds, green tea extracts,
coffee enemas and grape seed extracts. These phytomedicine are
rich in anticancer properties and are even safer for use in cancer
treatment. The use of chemotherapy in cancer treatment may fail
to work and if chemotherapy is done repeatedly the tumors only
become more resistant to the drugs that are supposed to be killing
them. The scientists have found out that the use of natural products
work better in cancer treatments as they target multiple pathways
thereby inhibiting growth and spread of the cancer cells in the
body. Some of this phytomedicine help in killing cancer cell by
inducing apoptosis in tumors.
EGCG and GSE are two popular plant extracts that have
attracted much attention in recent years due to their antioxidant,
antimicrobial, anticarcinogenic, and anti-inflammatory properties.
There is a need
also to compare mental an academic performance of these group of
children with their nutritional status hence the need for this work.
The aim of this present studies therefore is to find the correlation
between anthropometric indicators and issues of malnutrition
among primary school population of jimgbe community (a
community hosting the university where this research was carried
out) by measuring different body parts like weight, height, upper
arm circumference, waist circumference etc as indicators of
anthropometry. Perform statistical analysis and compare with
W.H.O standards. Draw some inference on the socioeconomic
status of their parents or guardians based on the statistical results
obtained with a view to advising stakeholders on the way forward.
Herbs & Spices That Help Fight Cancer
Fighting cancer is something our body is doing all the time, not
just when one is diagnosed with the disease. Cancer is triggered
by toxins in the environment and in our food, inflammatory
conditions, free radicals formed in the body, hormonal actions,
recurrent bacterial infections and viral diseases. When any of the
above agents causes damage to a cell, and the damaged cell gets to
divide forming copies of itself, a cancerous growth starts.
Our immune system tries to destroy these abnormal cells through
different mechanisms. Making more killer T-cells, inducing
the abnormal cells to self-destruct (apoptosis), secreting tumor
necrotizing factor (TNF), and preventing the formation of new
blood vessels (angiogenesis) that feed the tumor are some of them.
Many bioactive compounds in our food help the body in these
efforts to fight off cancer. Some culinary herbs are particularly rich
in cancer preventive and cancer-fighting substances. It would seem
that nature has endowed them with striking aromas and strong
flavors just to grab our attention so that we’d include these potent
herbs in our culinary traditions. Even sick animals seek plants with
certain medicinal values to heal themselves. Let’s look at some
culinary and medicinal herbs and spices that can help fight cancer.
This basic ingredient of curry powder comes from the ginger-like
rhizome of an herbaceous annual Curcuma longae. The curcumin
in turmeric is a very strong anti-inflammatory agent, besides
having wide spectrum antimicrobial and antiparasitic properties.
Its anti-cancer activity includes aiding the apoptosis of damaged
cells, preventing their rapid division to form tumors, and inhibiting
the development of capillaries that feed tumors.
Low incidence of certain cancers is noted in communities
traditionally using turmeric as a condiment. Phase I clinical trials
have shown that curcumin can indeed prevent precancerous tissues
from developing into cancer. It is effective against cancers of the
digestive tract, breast, and lung.
The bioavailability of curcumin is increased by cooking the
turmeric powder for over 10-15 minutes. It easily binds to fats,
and when heated in oil, lends its bright yellow color and pungent
smell without bite to dishes.
Garlic or Allium sativum and other Allium family vegetables such
as onions, shallots, and leeks are rich in organosulfur compounds
alliin, allicin, and allyl sulfides which are known to be cancer
protective. They have been found to protect against stomach and
colon cancers. Including more of these vegetables in the diet can
reduce your risk of other cancers too.
The diallyl disulfide derived from garlic killed off leukemia cells
and prevented the growth of breast, lung, and skin cancer cells in
lab studies. Ajoene is another potent anti-cancer substance isolated
from garlic. The mechanism of action is manifold, and includes
DNA repair, slowing down of cell division and apoptosis of
abnormal cells among others. World Health Organization’s advice
to eat a clove or two of garlic is not without valid reason.
Ginger is the underground stem/rhizome of the tropical herb
Zingiber officinale. This popular spice adds a refreshing, yet
pungent kick to foods. The rhizome of ginger is used both fresh
and dried. Surprisingly, the flavor of fresh ginger used in cooking
and the dried spice powder used to flavor gingerbread and cookies
are as different as can be. The active substances in them differ as
well, fresh ginger carrying gingerol and the dry ginger having
zingerone. Both are anti-inflammatory and antioxidative, reducing
the risk of cancer.
In laboratory studies conducted in King Abdulaziz University,
Saudi Arabia, ginger extract has been shown to inhibit cell
proliferation in breast cancer. This action was targeted exclusively
against abnormal cells, while normal breast cells were left alone.
In mice having prostate cancer, administration of raw ginger
extract reduced the tumor size to half the original size.
The phytochemicals in ginger promote apoptosis of cancer cells
and have a preventive action against metastasis. Since ginger
tea and extract are often recommended for reducing nausea and
vomiting associated with chemotherapy, it can be an excellent
adjuvant to conventional treatments for cancer.
Black pepper is the dried fruit of the vine Piper nigrum. Wars
have been fought and countries captured for the sake of this spice,
aptly called ‘black gold.’ White pepper is nothing but its skinned
version. The anti-inflammatory property of black pepper has long
been exploited in traditional herbal medicines, but the piperine
extracted from the spice is now found to have excellent antioxidant
and anti-cancer effect.
Piperine has the ability to inhibit breast cancer stem cells,
particularly those of the very aggressive, non-estrogen sensitive
types that do not respond to current preventive drugs tamoxifen
and raloxifene. It does not have the toxic side effects of these
drugs and leave the normal breast tissue intact. Not only that,
piperine enhances the cancer-preventive action of curcumin and
increases the bioavailability of the potent polyphenolic compound
epigallocatechin-3-gallate in green tea. A daily dose of one-eighth
of a teaspoon may be all you need to reap the benefits.
The Mediterranean shrub Rosmarinus officinalis with aromatic
leaves is well known for its medicinal properties. It contains
rosmarinic acid and rosemary-caffeic acid which are antiinflammatory
and antioxidant, capable of reducing the oxidative
stress that triggers many cancers. In a study on mice having skin
cancer, rosmarinic acid reduced inflammation and suppressed the
development of tumors.
The carnosol in rosemary neutralizes toxins that trigger breast
cancer. The terpenes from the plant inhibit the growth and
proliferation of cancer cells. When used an adjuvant to Adriamycin,
it helped reduce the resistance of tumor cells this chemotherapy
Oregano or wild marjoram that goes by the name Origanum vulgare
is another Mediterranean herb with proven cancer protective
effect. The monoterpenoid phenolic compound carvacrol, present
in oregano and many other members of the mint family help
prevent the spread of cancer. Another way oregano can protect
us from cancer is by reducing the formation of carcinogenic
heterocyclic amines that form when animal proteins are cooked at
high temperatures. Soaking the meat and fish in a marinade with
oregano prior to cooking may reduce your risk of cancers triggered
Petroselinum crispum or garden parsley belonging to the Apiaceae
family is widely used as an herb in many indigenous cuisines
across the world. The volatile oils in this herb have antioxidant
action, especially myristicin which inhibit the formation of
tumors and activate glutathione-S-transferase enzyme to produce
glutathione, the most important antioxidant generated within our
body. Luteolin is an excellent antioxidant flavonoid occurring in
The apigenin found in parsley, as well as in celery belonging to the
same family, is an active cancer-fighting agent. This phytochemical
induces autophagy in blood cancer cells and inhibits tumorinduced
Dill, the herb Anethum graveolens from the Apiaceae family, is a
popular addition to pickles where its strong antimicrobial property
is put to good use. Its cancer preventive effect comes from the
monoterpene anethofuran occurring in the leaves and seeds of this
herb. It triggers the secretion of glutathione-S-transferase which
facilitates the antioxidant action of glutathione to relieve oxidative
stress caused by environmental pollutants. Limonene and carvone
are two other active monoterpenes found in dill. They help prevent
the DNA damage that could trigger cancers.
The seeds of Linum usitatissimum,usually get lauded for their
omega-3 fatty acids and for their beneficial effect on heart
health. When it comes to fighting cancer, it is the lignans such as
Secoisolariciresinol (SDG) that get the credit. These plant estrogens
mimic the estrogen secreted in our body and down regulates its
action, thus helping reduce the risk of estrogen-dependent breast
It has been reported that regular consumption of flaxseeds by a
group of women has resulted in 33% reduction in tumor growth.
This gives us one more reason to include these healthy seeds in
The juice of the young shoots of the wheat grain Triticum aestivum
has many health benefits, including cancer-protection. It is a
detoxifier and cleans out the liver and the kidneys and purifies the
blood. Wheatgrass has been used to treat leukemia too.
The plant hormone abscisic acid occurring in the wheatgrass is
responsible for its anti-cancer activity. In plants, this hormone
down regulates physiological processes and delays cell division.
Within our body, it brings about a strong anti-inflammatory effect
which is beneficial to people suffering from inflammatory bowel
disease. Anecdotal evidence shows that wheatgrass juice taken
daily can cure breast cancer.
Aloe vera is well known for its skin protective and antiinflammatory
properties. Fighting inflammation is one way to
reduce the risk of cancer, but this succulent herb also contains
many beneficial polysaccharides such as Acemannan. They can
induce the production of Tumour Necrosis Factor that destroys
The immune-boosting actions of include increasing the production
of interferon and promoting T-cell function.
Aloe vera can be easily included in the cancer fighting arsenal
because of its easy availability and excellent safety profile.
As the name indicates, Feverfew or Tanacetum parthenium has
been traditionally used to reduce fever and headache. But the
interest in this herb has been rekindled with the discovery that
parthenolide derived from it can destroy leukaemia cells.
As an excellent anti-inflammatory agent, parthenolide can reduce
the risk of developing cancers by inhibiting the pro-inflammatory
signaling pathway. Apart from that, it is also known to cause
cancer cells to self-destruct via apoptosis. Many Feverfew extracts
are available, but those with high parthenolide content may be
necessary to provide the anti-cancer effect.
The Red Clover Trifolium pretense was favored by Hippocrates
for its medicinal properties. It has a long history of being used for
treating coughs and colds and other respiratory ailments and to
purify blood and get rid of kidney stones. It was one of the herbs
found to be having cancer-fighting property when veterinarian
John Hoxsey accidentally came across his horse getting cured of a
tumor by grazing in an area where it grew.
Its use in cancer treatment is based on the isoflavones such as
Genistein found in the plant. They act as phytoestrogens and down
regulate the action of the estrogen generated in the body. Since
this hormone is implicated in a majority of breast cancers as well
as endometrial and ovarian cancers in women and prostate and
testicular cancers in men, phytoestrogens play a significant role in
controlling their growth and spread.
It is a Chinese medicinal herb commonly used in their medical
tradition as an anti-aging agent. The shortening of the telomeres
that protect our DNA strands is a sign of cellular aging. The
bioactive compounds in this herb such as cycloastragenol are
known to protect the telomeres. The same action may be beneficial
in preventing cancers that may be initiated by damaged cells.
Astragalus stimulates the immune system and increase interferon
production. Clinical studies have shown that using this herbal
extract adjuvant to radiotherapy results in better outcome and
significant increase in survival times.
This North American plant Larrea tridentate has a long history of
being used in various medicinal preparations of the Native Indians.
The plant is called creosote bush because of its characteristic
smell. Chaparral tea has been used to treat various types of cancers
including colon cancer, ovarian and cervical cancer and prostate
This bitter brew contains nor-dihihydroguairetic acid (NDGA)
which has anti-tumor activity. It is thought to destroy cancer cells
by inhibiting their utilization of glucose. This literally starves them
The extract of purple coneflower Echinacea purpurea is a popular
cold and flu remedy. The immune-boosting property of this plant
has long been exploited by Native Americans, and extensively
studied by modern researchers.
The polysaccharides in echinacea, especially arabinogalactan, have
been found to activate macrophages and increase T-cell activity
as well as the production of interferon. The plant extract contains
other bioactive substances such as caffeic acid and flavonoids.
Several studies have shown it to be effective against brain tumors.
This herbaceous medicinal plant Artemisia annua is different from
the European herb Artemisia absinthium used in alcoholic drinks.
Sweet wormwood is an Asian native that has been used in Chinese
herbal medicine to treat many ailments including malaria. Now it
has been found to be effective in treating breast cancer.
Artemisinin found in the plant extract selectively targets cancer
cells and destroys them without affecting normal cells because
of the higher iron intake by cancer cells. When artemisinin is
combined with iron-carrying transferrin, it gets readily absorbed
by the cancer cells. Once it gets inside the cells, artemisinin does
The idea that simple plants, herbs, and foods can have anti-cancer
effects is sometimes a controversial subject. Although many
people have experienced their benefits, there are still a great many
skeptics. For every person who believes that herbs and plants
can slow or even kill cancer cells, there is another who will only
believe in the merits of chemotherapy.
Although there is still work to do in the area of scientific research,
a huge amount of research has already been completed. We are
going to present that information here. Skeptics rarely change
their minds unless it happens to them directly. However, for those
of you who are interested in this information and wish to apply
it to your life, we have compiled a list of the top 20 herbs and
medicinal plants that have had scientific research applied to them
and received positive outcomes in the area of fighting cancer. As
always, keep in mind that this is not meant to be medical advice;
it’s simply information for you to consider.
The studies listed below show that all herbs work in a different
manner. Some have what is called “immunomodulators,” which
means that they stimulate your own immune system to fight cancer
cells. Others have cytotoxic action, meaning that they do kill
cancer cells, but they can also kill healthy cells and should only
be used under the supervision of a doctor or herbalist. Still others,
such as Milk thistle, have been found by studies to kill only cancer
cells. These, of course, are the most desirable herbs.
Please take note about the way certain terms are used here. Anticancer
is a broad word that can be broken down into three parts:
• Anti-tumor – shown to be toxic to tumors in animal studies
• Cytotoxic – shown to fight tumors in laboratory cell cultures (in
• Anti-cancer – shown to fight tumors in humans
Cancer usually takes years to develop, so prevention is preferable
to any treatment. Avoid all known carcinogens such as tobacco,
excessive alcohol, processed foods, and exposure to chemicals. A
plant based diet can help protect you from cancer as plants are rich
in antioxidant and anti-inflammatory compounds, both of which
are powerful cancer fighters.
Burdock root (arctium lappa) is native to northern Asia and
Europe. Historical texts described burdock root as a blood purifier.
Ancient Chinese physicians would treat venereal diseases, kidney
problems, skin conditions, and respiratory issues with this root. It
was well known in Medieval Europe for treating gout, pneumonia,
and arthritis. Recent research shows that burdock root is very
effective at removing the cancer causing toxins that accumulate in
our digestive systems when certain foods are not properly digested.
There are several anti-cancer herbal compounds that have used
burdock root as a base including “Flor-Essence,” and “Essiac.” In
fact, one anti-cancer formula sold and marketed in 1919, called
“Hoxsey,” was burdock root.
Some herbalists state that burdock root can stop cancer cells from
metastasizing. It is often used in India and Russia for the treatment
of cancer. Burdock can be used safely, except for those who are
on potassium lowering diuretic therapy, as it contains fairly high
quantities of potassium.
Several studies have shown that the phytochemicals in grape seeds
have anti-tumor or strong potential cancer preventative abilities
that can be isolated from the seeds themselves. Proanthocyanidins
are especially worth noting, as these have been found to stop
pancreatic cancer cells from spreading or migrating.
One research team at the University of Colorado showed evidence
that grape seed extract was effective against colorectal cancer.
Extract from grape seed extract induced the death of these types
of cancer cells. In fact, the more advanced the cancer cells were,
the better the grape seed extracts seemed to work at limiting the
growth and survival of cancer cells. Grape seed extract was not
only causing the death of cancer cells, but it did not harm healthy
The proanthocyanidins in grape seed extract have also been
reported to inhibit the creation of new blood vessels and to arrest
the growth of colon tumors. Proanthocyanidins accumulate in
large amounts in the colon because they are not well absorbed in
the stomach. This is good news, as the proanthocyanidins can stop
cancer cells more efficiently as they build up in the colon.
Goldenseal is native to North America and has been used
for hundreds of years by the Native American people to treat
numerous infections, including infections of the mouth, throat, or
gums. This plant is related to buttercups and was once so popular
that it was harvested almost to the point of extinction! Goldenseal
is a key ingredient in many mouthwashes and toothpastes due to
its antibacterial compounds which prevent tooth decay and kill
The powerful compound in goldenseal, berberine, has
antibiotic compounds. This herb is currently undergoing scientific
tests to see if it can lower cholesterol, and by lowering cholesterol
levels, it lowers the risk of developing certain types of cancer. One
of the main problems with manufactured goldenseal supplements
is that there is little or no oversight as to how much of the active
ingredient each capsule contains. Care should be taken with
goldenseal and it is best used under the supervision of a doctor or
herbalist as high doses can become toxic.
Clove is actually the dried flower buds from trees native to India,
Pakistan, Zanzibar, and Madagascar. Clove oil from cloves
(Eugenia aromaticum or Eugenia caryophyllata) has been studied
for their ability to improve immune function, which means it offers
cancer protection or prevention.
Clove oil has antioxidant compounds that have the potential to act
as an anticancer agent, according to the American Pharmaceutical
Association’s Practical Guide to Natural Medicines.
has the highest concentration of antioxidant activity of any single
ingredient tested by the ORAC.
The American Cancer Society says that there is currently
insufficient evidence to show that clove oil can either treat or
prevent cancer, however its high antioxidant levels show that it is
a powerful supplier of anthocyanins, which are known to stop the
growth of tumors, as well as kill existing cancer cells.
One of the oldest botanical plants around, licorice root (glycyrrhiza
glbra) has been used by Ancient Chinese medicine as an anti-virus,
anti-inflammatory, and anti-ulcer agent. DNA damage is often
done by carcinogens, and licorice root provides protection from
that type of damage. Licorice root also contain polyphenols that
encourage apoptosis (automatic death) in cancer cells. Licorice
regulates the production of hormones from your adrenal glands,
and it reduces stress chemicals. Chronic stress often triggers the
growth of cancer cells.
Licorice root stops the proliferation of breast cancer cells in
humans, according to a study done in South Korea. It modulates
the expression of Bcl-2/Bax apoptotic regulatory factors.
Licorice root has been linked to some side effects such as high
blood pressure, and muscle weakness. This is another herb that,
if you plan to consume larger quantities on a regular basis, you
should do so only under the supervision of your doctor or herbalist.
Bloodroot is native to Canada, eastern North America, and Nova
Scotia. It was used by indigenous peoples as an aid for respiratory
problems. Externally, it has been used as a home remedy for skin cancer and is possibly the most well-known anti-cancer
herb around. There have been several publications showing that
bloodroot has the potential to be a powerful anticancer agent.
Bloodroot (sanguinaria canadensis) has been shown in several
studies to have consistent anti-neoplastic activity; it can shrink
tumors, and has shown itself to be useful when dealing with
sarcomas. The sap is toxic if consumed in anything more than
minute amounts but all parts of the plant can be used externally.
It’s often used in naturopathic treatments for skin cancer.
The best evidence for bloodroot herbal remedies is that it seems
to work best on skin cancer, however it’s best to have a doctor’s
support in ensuring that all the cancer cells have been destroyed.
This plant has been used for more than 3,000 years in Ayurveda.
Mostly used for fevers, fatigue, and stomach upsets, barberry
(berberis vulgaris) has recently been recognized as a powerful
Barberry has strong anti-inflammatory, antibiotic, and antioxidant
properties. It is often used interchangeably with goldenseal, as the
two plants share a similar composition. Recent studies show that
barberry improves immune functions and can lower high blood
According to Ayurvedic tradition, barberry is an effective treatment
for liver tumors. One study done in Taiwan shows that when
barberry is administered in high doses to cancer patients over time,
the alkaloid in barberry, berberine, killed cancer cells in tests done
Barberry is another of the ingredients in the Hoxsey herbal formula
marketed in 1919 as a cancer treatment.
Considered by many cultures to have healing and preventative
compounds, including against cancer, tea (camellia sinensis) has
been the focus of several scientific studies recently. The results of
these studies vary somewhat, but tea was found to have disease
One study performed by the USDA in 2006 found that tea had
more than 700 different compounds, many of which were already
known for their ability to fight disease. Among these compounds
known to fight disease are polysaccharides, flavonoids, certain
vitamins, and amino acids. All varieties of tea, including green
white, black, and oolong, were found to contain high levels of
antioxidants, which are powerful anti-aging and anti-tumor agents.
Consuming tea regularly can greatly improve the intestinal balance
of healthy bacteria by increasing beneficial microorganisms while
ridding the body of harmful bacteria. Tea has high levels of vitamin
C, which is known to fight cancer causing free radicals. Tea has a
low glycemic index and has strong cleansing properties. Regular
consumption of tea has long been associated with the prevention
of diabetes and heart disease.
Onion (allium cepa) has a high antioxidant activity and is associated
with a variety of pharmacological items including being antiinflammatory,
antibiotic, and anti-carcinogenic. One study showed
greater antioxidant activity of older rats that were fed onion.
There is a definite relationship between the consumption of onions
and the risk of common cancers. Researchers from the Italian Mario
Negri Institute for Pharmacological Research compiled data from
both Italian and Swiss controlled studies and multivariate logistic
regression models for onion consumption and cancer rates.
risk rates vary, but onions lowered the risk of colorectal cancer,
ovarian cancer, renal cell cancer, prostate cancer, esophageal
cancer, mouth cancer, and breast cancer.
Onions are high in polyphenols, which prevent diseases, including
cancer. Onions are also high in antioxidants, which are also known
cancer fighters. These popular veggies also contain a compound
called quercetin, which has been shown to decrease cancer tumor
There has been strong evidence lately that dandelion, that weed in
your garden, can inhibit the development and growth of numerous
types of cancer, including stopping their metastasizing capabilities.
Read more how to harvest dandelion.
Dandelion leaves have long been used by Macedonian
phytomedicine and Ayurvedic practitioners to treat abscesses,
water retention, tumors, and cysts. A study done in 2008 provided
some scientific proof that dandelion (taraxacum officinale) extracts
had anti-cancer compounds. During this study, three extracts were
made from mature dandelion leaves, roots, and flowers. All parts
were tested for their activity on the progression of tumors.
study showed that the leaf of this common weed blocked the
growth of breast cancer cells and the invasions of prostate cancer
cells. Dandelion root extract stopped the invasion of breast cancer
The flower of this plant has high antioxidant compounds as a
Canadian study showed in 2005. This study showed that dandelion
extract stopped hydroxyl and superoxide radicals, which means
that dandelion has the potential to be a powerful, yet novel, cancer
There have been several studies done regarding foxglove and its
possible anti-cancer capabilities. There are two varieties of this
plant, Digitalis purpurea L and Digitalis lanata ehrh. These two
have been looked at for their vitro cytotoxicity after polypeptide
isolation and extraction. Both have been shown to have strong
A study performed in Spain in 2003 look at the cytotoxic activity
from the leaves of the strain D. purpurea against human cancer
cells. The extracts used (C50 0.78-15ug/ml) especially the
methanolic extract, had high cytotoxic action.
Acteoside, which can be extracted from the leaves of this common
flower, have a hepatoprotective effect from a toxin called aflatoxin
B1. This makes this plant cytotoxic and a strong potential chemopreventative
It’s the chemical in the foxglove flower called digoxin that is
known to slow the spread of breast cancer cells, as well as prostate
cancer by as much as 24 percent. Keep in mind this is an extract
that has been removed professionally. NEVER consume foxglove
from your garden or from any unknown or untrustworthy source.
It should be noted that foxglove is quite poisonous, so it must be
used only with the advice and supervision of a doctor or herbalist.
Graviola, also known by the name of its fruit, sour sop, has received
a great deal of attention lately because of its promising compounds
as possibly being a natural anti-cancer agent. Graviola (Annona
muricata) is an evergreen tree that is used as a remedy for coughs,
bacterial and parasite infections, herpes, and arthritis.
A great deal of the excitement over this fruit came from a study
done in 2012 in Nebraska at the Department of Biochemistry
and Molecular Biology that showed that sour sop was effective
against pancreatic cancer cells.
These types of cells are extremely
resistant to conventional therapies. By inhibiting several signaling
pathways that pancreatic cancer cells use to regulate their survival
and metastatic lifecycle, graviola kills these cells when they are
unable to complete their normal function. Once they are inhibited
in this manner, the rate at which pancreatic cancer cells spread to
other organs to make new cancers becomes incredibly slow.
Still another study done in Virginia at Virginia Tech, found that
sour sop extracts also stopped the growth of breast cancer cells.
Sour sop extract also inhibited the growth of EGFR. You should
note that cell mutation result in the overproduction of EGFR has
been strongly connected to several cancers.
You might have heard a great deal of controversy over sour sop
and it’s possibly hyped up claims of its cancer killing abilities.
There have been several studies that have shown that the extract
of the seed coating of milk thistle has anti-cancer effects. Milk
thistle (silybum eburneum or silybum marianum) has an active
ingredient in their seeds contain a wide mixture of flavonolignans
such as silibinin, silidianin, silicristin, and isosilibinin. Of all of
these, the main active ingredient, silibinin has shown the strongest
in vitro effects against human prostate cancer cells, human colon
cancer cells, human lung cancer cells, and estrogen dependent
and estrogen independent human breast cancer cells.
Silymarin appears to have no adverse effects even when given in high oral
doses of 1g per kilogram of weight in dogs, and 20g/kg in mice.
Two studies done recently at the University of Colorado Cancer
Center Studies have shown that silibinin, the active ingredient in
the seeds from milk thistle plants, has efficacy from both UVB
and UVA induced skin cancer and photo-aging. These studies,
done in 2012 and 2013, showed the amazing ability of silibinin
to selectively kill skin cells mutated by UVA but were nontoxic to
healthy skin cells. It also accelerated the repair of UVB damaged
The extracts from mistletoe (viscum album) and the products
that come from this extract, especially iscador, is one of the most
commonly used oncological drug in Europe. It’s been used as
an overall treatment for cancer for years.
One randomized and
nonrandomized matched pair study that involved more than 10,000
cancer patients, iscador was shown to prolong the survival time of
Amazingly, this study showed that the overall survival time of the
group that took iscador was as much as 40 percent longer when
compared to the control group.
Mistletoe extract is also known as having a better survival among
cancer patients and there are numerous studies that show the
positive effects of this plant on cancer patients.
Saffron contains a carotenoid compound called crocetin. The
results of studies done, both in vivo and in vitro, show that this
compound has the potential to be a strong anti-tumor agent. Saffron
was found in another study to inhibit skin cancer in mice.
New research shows that this popular spice has a powerful
chemo-preventative effect against liver cancer in tests done with
animals. This study came out in September of 2011 in the journal
Hepatology, and was done by the American Association for the
Study of Liver Diseases.
- Dragan Jovanov, Macedonian herbal plant, nutrition, sport and
health, Lumbert publiching, 2016
- Dragan Jovanov, Macedonian modern phytomedicine, Matica
Makedonska, 2016, Macedonia
- Dragan Jovanov, Herbal plant, Macedonia
- Dragan Jovanov, Aromatic herbal plant, MIT University,
Skopje- Macedonia, 2015
- Cura Holistic Health clinic, Shannon Burford, Australia