Research Isothermal Medicinal Herbal, Republic of Uzbekistan, Tashkent state technical university- Tashkent
The paper studied the sorption and desorption of water vapor samples medicinal herbs Leonurus and mother-and-stepmother. Analysis of sorption isotherms and desorption is important to clarify the characteristics of the forms of moisture due to the material. On the basis of sorption isotherms of water vapor samples medicinal herbs Brunauer, Emmett and Taylor (BET) equation have been calculated monolayer capacity, specific surface area, total pore volume and the radius of the capillary. Capillary-porous structure of the sample is shown at 25 0C of dried medicinal herbs.Keywords: Drying, Capillary, Sorption, Desorption, Herbs
Capillary moisture is moisture free. It moves in the body as a liquid (usually from the central body to the evaporation zone layers) and a couple (through the evaporation zone by the dry layer outside). Nature formation of various types of moisture connection mechanism causes its removal during drying. Thus, to remove tightly bound water adsorption body must be converted into steam inside the material and then moves it there in the form of steam. For such a transformation required heat costs. Depending on the mode of capillary drying process moisture moves in a fluid (due to capillary forces) and form a pair (due to the difference of partial pressures).
The mechanism of sorption of low molecular weight substances from medicinal herbs is complex and depends on many factors, which include the phase and the physical condition of the herbs, their porous structure, the chemical structure, the flexibility of the chains, the intermolecular interaction and thermodynamic affinity with sorbate (water).
According to the number of adsorbed water all substances during the drying process herbs are divided into hydrophilic, hydrophobic and moderately sorbing. Such a division is conditional, since the sorption capacity herbs in the water depends on the temperature, pressure and thermal history of the material. The technique of water vapor sorption samples of medicinal herbs is to establish the equilibrium concentration of the sorbedsubstance at a given partial pressure of vapor.
Vacuum measurement is made on the vacuum gauge VIT-1A (ionization vacuum gauge, thermocouple) with a measuring range from 10-1 - 10-3 Па. The working part consists of a cylindrical vessel, held in a vertical position. Cylindrical receptacle consists of two parts which are lapped each other using vacuum grease. To the top, inside, attached quartz spring balance Mack Ben. On the quartz spring suspended quartz or glass cup with the sample polymer. Stretching spring quartz measured cathetometer KM-8[3-4].
Maximum moisture which may be due to sorption material vapor from the environment (the maximum sorption capacity at φ=100%) is called hygroscopic moisture content W. It can be defined on the graph by the sorption isotherm isotherm crossing point with the line φ=100%. The higher the moisture hygroscopic material, the more it can absorb moisture from the air during storage. Analysis of sorption isotherms and desorption is important to clarify the characteristics of the forms of moisture due to the material. Knowledge of hydrothermal equilibrium is necessary to select the optimum mode of drying and storage of material.
Capillary-porous structure of the samples were dried medicinal herbs with the desorption of water vapor, 25 0C is shown in table 1.
On the basis of samples of water vapor sorption by the equation of Brunauer, Emmett and Taylor have been calculated monolayer capacity, specific surface area, total pore volume and capillary radius.
- Ginzburg A.S., Fundamentals of the theory and technology of drying foods. -M.: Food Industry.−527 p.
- Vullioud M., Marquez C.A., De Michelis A. Equilibrium sorption isotherms and isosteric heat of rose hip fruits (rosa eglanteria). International Journal of Food Properties. 2006, 9 (4), p.823-833.
- Sazhin B.S. Fundamentals of drying equipment. -M., Chemistry. 320 p.
- Filonenko G.K., Grishin M.A., Goldenberg Y.M. et al. Drying edible vegetable materials. -M: Food Industry. -440 p.
- Norkulova K.T., Safarov J.E. Investigation of sorption and desorption parameters hips. // Chemical Technology. Control and management. -Tashkent, 2014. №5. С.9-12.